AP31646SU-N Thymocytes antibody

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1 ml / €210.00
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Quick Overview

Rabbit anti Mouse Thymocytes

Product Description for Thymocytes

Rabbit anti Mouse Thymocytes.
Presentation: Serum
Product is tested for Cytotoxicity Assay.

Properties for Thymocytes

Product Category Primary Antibodies
Quantity 1 ml
Presentation Serum
Reactivity Ms
Applications CT
Clonality Polyclonal
Host Rabbit
Shipping to Worldwide
PDF datasheet View Datasheet
Manufacturer Acris Antibodies GmbH
Material safety datasheet MSDS for Polyclonal Antibodies (de)

Datasheet Extract

Immunogen
Immunogen:
Mouse Thymus cells.
Add. information Sterility: This reagent is not sold as sterile. To minimize loss of volume during filtration, dilute to the final working concentration in the appropriate medium before filtration and filter through a 0.22 µm filter.
Heat Inactivation: 60 minutes at 56°C.
Absorption: Mouse Erythrocytes/Hepatocytes.
Application Cytotoxicity studies (See Protocols).
Background Thymocytes, precursors to T cells, develop in the thymus. They undergo several stages of selection and quality control to ensure maturation results in functional T cells. The first step is beta-selection in the cortex of the thymus which tests the structural properties of the newly formed T cell receptor (TCR) beta chain. The TCR structure must allow presentation on the cell surface with pre-TCR alpha. Thymocytes are then subjected to positive selection, where reactivity and selectively are dependent on functional interactions with the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Final maturation of thymocytes occurs in the medulla, where thymocytes with high affinity for self-peptide or the MHC are eliminated from the population by apoptosis. Once thymocytes are released into the peripheral blood stream they are considered mature T cells.
Protocols Recommended Mehod for Depleting A Cell Population Of Mouse Thymocytes:

1. Prepare a cell suspension from the appropriate tissue in Cytotoxicity Medium (1) or equivalent.
Remove red cells and dead cells (where necessary) by purification of viable lymphocytes on Lympholyte®-M (2) density cell separation medium. After washing, adjust the cell concentration to 1x10e7 cells per ml in Cytotoxicity Medium.
2. Add the antiserum to a final concentration of 1:1000 and mix.
3. Incubate for 60 minutes at 4°C.
4. Centrifuge to pellet the cells and discard the supernatant.
5. Resuspend to the original volume in Low-Tox®-M (3) Rabbit Complement, diluted to the appropriate concentration in Cytotoxicity Medium. (Recommended concentration included with each batch of Low-Tox®-M Complement).
6. Incubate for 60 minutes at 37°C.
7. Monitor for percent cytotoxicity at this stage, before further processing. For this purpose remove a small sample from each tube, dilute 1:10 with medium, and add 1/10 volume of 1% Trypan Blue. After 3-5 minutes, score live versus dead cells in a hemacytometer.
8. For functional studies, remove the dead cells from the treated groups before further processing, particularly if the treated cells are to be cultured. Layering the suspension on cell separation medium and centrifuging at room temperature as per the instructions provided can do this. Live cells will form a layer at the interface, while dead cells pellet. The interface can then be collected and washed in Cytotoxicity Medium before being resuspended in the appropriate medium for further processing.
Alternatively, the cells can then be washed and resuspended in the appropriate medium for further processing immediately after Step #6, provided that the dead cells will not interfere with subsequent assays.

Recommended Mehod for Determinig Percent Cytotoxicity With Anti-Mouse Lymphocytes Serum Plus Complement:
1. Prepare a cell suspension from the appropriate tissue in Cytotoxicity Medium1 or equivalent.
Remove red cells and dead cells (where necessary) by purification of viable lymphocytes on Lympholyte®-M (2) density cell separation medium. After washing, adjust the cell concentration to 1.1 x10e6 cells per ml in Cytotoxicity Medium.
2. Add the antiserum to a final concentration of 1:5K and mix.
3. Incubate for 60 minutes at 4°C.
4. Centrifuge to pellet the cells and discard the supernatant.
5. Resuspend to the original volume in Low-Tox®-M Rabbit Complement (3) diluted to the appropriate concentration in Cytotoxicity Medium. (Recommended concentration included with each batch of Low-Tox®-M Rabbit Complement ~1:10 – 1:25).
6. Incubate for 60 minutes at 37°C.
7. Place on ice.
8. Add Trypan Blue. 10% by volume of 1% Trypan blue (w/v) added 3-5 minutes before scoring works well.
Score live versus dead cells in a hemacytometer. Cytotoxic index (C.I.) can be calculated as follows:
C.I. = %Cyt (Ab+Complement) - %Cyt (Complement) / 100% - %Cyt (Complement).

Lot Specifications:
Antiserum Titration:
Cell Source: Thymus.
Donors: BALB/c.
Cell Concentration: 1.1x10e6 cells per ml
Complement: Low-Tox®-M Rabbit Complement (3)
Complement Concentration: 1:10
Procedure: Two stage cytotoxicity as described in Recommended Method for Determining Percent Cytotoxicity with Anti-Mouse Lymphocyte Serum Plus Complement.

Tissue Distribution:
Procedure: As above
Antiserum Concentration: 1:5K
Strain: BALB/c
Cell Source (C.I.)
Thymus (99.0)
Spleen (0)
Lymph Node (0)
Bone Marrow (0)
Antiserum dilution that results in 50% cytotoxicity against thymus cells: ~ 1:40K.

Strain Distribution:
Target Cell: Thymus
Procedure: As above
Strains Tested (+/-)
C3H/He (+)
AKR (+)
A.TH (+)
A.TL (+)
BALB/c (+)

Functional Testing:
Cell Source: Splenocytes
Cell Source: C57BL/6
Cell Concentration: 1x10e7 cells/ml.
Antiserum Concentration: 1:20
Complement: Low-Tox®-M at 1:10

Procedure:
Treatment of C57BL/6 splenocytes with AP31646SU plus complement resulted in a reduction in the number of plaque-forming cells. As assessed by a CTL assay, T cell function was essentially eliminated in both pre-sensitized and post-sensitized treated samples. These results are consistent with the removal of T helper and T
cytotoxicity cell activity.

NOTES:
1. Cytotoxicity Medium is RPMI-1640 with 25mM Hepes buffer and 0.3% bovine serum albumin (BSA). BSA is substituted for the conventionally used fetal calf serum (FCS) because we have found that many batches of FCS contain complement dependent cytotoxins to mouse lymphocytes, thus increasing the background killing in the presence of complement. We recommend that cells not be exposed to FCS prior to or during exposure to antibody and complement. Some batches of BSA also contain complement dependent cytotoxins, resulting in the same problem. We screen for batches of BSA giving low background in the presence of complement and use the
selected BSA for preparing Cytotoxicity Medium.
2. Lympholyte®-M cell separation medium is density cell separation medium designed specifically for the isolation of viable mouse lymphocytes. This separation medium provides a high and non-selective recovery of viable mouse lymphocytes, removing red cells and dead cells. The density of this medium is 1.087-1.089
Isolation of mouse lymphocytes on cell separation medium of density 1.077 will result in high and selective loss of lymphocytes and should be avoided.
3. Rabbit serum provides the most potent source of complement for use with antibodies to mouse cell surface antigens. However, rabbit serum itself is very toxic to murine lymphocytes. Low-Tox®-M Rabbit Complement is absorbed to remove toxicity to mouse lymphocytes, while maintaining its high complement activity.
When used in conjunction with Cytotoxicity Medium, this reagent provides a highly potent source of complement with minimal background toxicity.
Storage Store Lyophilized at -20°C.
After reconstitution, aliquot and freeze unused portions at –70°C in volumes appropriate for single usage.
Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
Shelf life: one year from despatch.
Format
State:
Lyophilized Antiserum which has been adsorbed with Mouse Erythrocytes and Hepatocytes.
Serum
Reconstitution:
Restore with cold distilled water to initial volume.
Specificity
Specificity:
This antiserum is strongly cytotoxic to Mouse Thymocytes of all strains tested.
Species:
Mouse.

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