Antibodies to Estrogen Receptors - FocusOn 050

Introduction

Steroid receptors are ligand-dependent intracellular proteins that stimulate transcription of genes by binding to specific DNA sequences following activation by the appropriate hormone.

Estrogen steroid receptor (ESR)

This protein was first cloned in 1987 and has been shown to be expressed and transcriptionally active in a number of tissues including ovary, testis, prostate and brain. Besides the ‘classical’ ESR (ER alpha or ESR1) a second estrogen binding receptor, referred to as ER beta or ESR2, has been cloned in rats and humans.
ER alpha (ESR1) is known to interact in a ligand dependent and indepen-dent manner with several known coactivators including receptor-interacting protein 140 (RIP140/ERAP140), ERAP160 and steroid receptor co-activator-1 (SRC-1) to enhance transcriptional activity of target genes.
ER beta (ESR2) has been shown to be a high affinity estrogen binding protein capable of initiating transcription of genes under the control of estrogen response elements. RNA distribution studies have shown ESR2 is transcribed in human thymus, spleen, ovary and testis as well as in rat ovary and prostate. ER beta protein distribution may differ from RNA distribution and from ER alpha protein. Several isoforms of ER beta are known so far. The major differences between these splice variants were found in the C-terminal domain aa 459-530. These differ also in tissue expression: isoform beta 1 is expressed in testis and ovary, and at a lower level in heart, brain, placenta, liver, skeletal muscle, spleen, thymus, prostate, colon, bone marrow, mammary gland and uterus. Also found in uterine, bone, breast and ovarian tumor cell lines, but not in colon and liver tumors. Isoform beta 2 is expressed in spleen, thymus, testis and ovary and at a lower level in skeletal muscle, prostate, colon, small intestine, leukocytes, bone marrow, mammary gland and uterus. Isoform beta 3 is found in testis. Isoform beta 4 is expressed in testis, and at a lower level in spleen, thymus, ovary, mammary gland and uterus.

   
Fig. 1a/1b: Staining of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) human breast carcinoma using estrogen receptor alpha antibody Cat.-No. AM11134PU-N
Fig. 2: Estrogen receptor alpha staining of rat samples (FFPE) with Cat.-No. DB 053
Fig. 2: Estrogen receptor alpha staining of rat samples (FFPE) with Cat.-No. DB 053-0.5
Fig. 3:  ESR2 antibody staining of human breast (FFPE) with Cat.-No. AP07156PU-N
Fig. 3: ESR2 antibody staining of human breast (FFPE) with Cat.-No. AP07156PU-N
Fig. 4: Staining of human placenta (FFPE) with ESR2 antibody Cat.-No. AP20151PU-N
Fig. 4: Staining of human placenta (FFPE) with ESR2 antibody Cat.-No. AP20151PU-N
Fig. 5: Immunofluorescence with estrogen receptor beta/ESR2 antibody Cat.-No. SP5198P
Fig. 5: Immunofluorescence with estrogen receptor beta/ESR2 antibody Cat.-No. SP5198P
Fig. 6: Immunostained human ovary using monoclonal estrogen receptor beta antibody Cat.-No. SM1682
Fig. 6: Immunostained human ovary using monoclonal estrogen receptor beta antibody Cat.-No. SM1682

Estrogen-related receptor (ERR) family members (1, 2, and 3)

These proteins share an almost identical DNA binding domain, which has 68% amino acid identity with that of estrogen receptor.
Estrogen-related receptor alpha (ESRRA, ERR1) acts as a site-specific transcription regulator and has also been shown to interact with estrogen and the transcripton factor TFIIB by direct protein-protein contact. The binding and regulatory activities of this protein have been demonstrated in the regulation of a variety of genes including lactoferrin, osteopontin, medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD) and thyroid hormone receptor genes.
Estrogen-related receptor beta (ESRRB, ERR2) encodes a protein with similarity to the estrogen receptor with unknown function. Estrogen-related receptor gamma (ESRRG, ERR3) has been suggested to affect differentiation of the brain, heart and kidney. ERR gamma has been shown to be overexpressed in breast tumors, and its expression is correlated with levels of ErbB4, a likely indicator of preferred clinical course. As a result, ERR gamma has been suggested to be a potential biomarker for favourable clinical course and, possibly, hormonal sensitivity, and as a candidate target for therapeutic development.

Fig. 7: Staining of human testis (FFPE) with ESRRB antibody Cat.-No. SP4131P
Fig. 7: Staining of human testis (FFPE) with ESRRB antibody Cat.-No. SP4131P
Fig. 8: Human breast carcinoma (FFPE) staining with ESRRG antibody Cat.-No. SP4133P
Fig. 8: Human breast carcinoma (FFPE) staining with ESRRG antibody Cat.-No. SP4133P

References

Saunders, T.K. et al. (2000)
Differential expression of estrogen receptor-alpha and -beta and androgen receptor in the ovaries of marmosets and humans. Biol Reprod 63: 1098-1105.
Torlakovic, E. et al. (2002)
Prostate carcinoma expression of estrogen receptor-beta as detected by PPG5/10 antibody has postive association with primary Gleason grade and Gleason score. Pathology 33: 646-651.
Saunders P. et al. (2002)
ER beta 1 and the ER beta 2 splice variant (ER beta CX/ beta 2) are expressed in distinct cell populations in the adult human testes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 87:2706-2715.
Critchley T. et al. (2002)
Wild Type estrogen receptor (ER beta 1) and the splice variant (ER beta CX/ beta 2) are expressed within the human endometrium throughout the normal menstrual cycle. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 87:5265-5273.
Gaskell T. et al. (2003)
Differential expression of two estrogen receptor beta isoforms in the human fetal testis during the second trimester of pregnancy. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:424-432.
Scobie G. et al. (2002)
Human oestrogen receptors: differential expression of ER alpha and beta and the identification of ER beta variations. Steroids 67:985-995.

Further readings

See the PDF-version: FocusOn 050

  1. Quick-Filters:
  2. Cited (1)
  3. Highly Validated (1)

12 Item(s)

per page

Primary Antibodies

Catalog No. Host Iso. Clone Pres. React. Applications  

Estrogen receptor alpha antibody

Estrogen receptor alpha Mouse IgG1 6F11 Supernatant Hu C, IP, P, WB
0.5 ml / €660.00
  Acris Antibodies GmbH

Estrogen receptor alpha pSer118 antibody

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma tissue using Estrogen Receptor-alpha (pSer118) antibody (left) or the same antibody preincubated with blocking peptide (right) Rabbit Aff - Purified Hu ICC/IF, P, WB
0.1 ml / €320.00
  Acris Antibodies GmbH

Estrogen receptor alpha (C-term) antibody

AM11134PU Estrogen Receptor antibody staining of Human breast carcinoma. Rabbit IgG SP1 Supernatant Hst, Hu P, WB
0.1 ml / €360.00
  Acris Antibodies GmbH

Estrogen receptor alpha antibody

Estrogen receptor alpha Rabbit IgG BV3 Supernatant Hu P
0.5 ml / €500.00
  Acris Antibodies GmbH

Estrogen receptor alpha pSer104 antibody

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma tissue using Estrogen Receptor-α (phospho-Ser104) antibody AP02368PU. Rabbit Aff - Purified Hu P, WB
0.1 ml / €320.00
  Acris Antibodies GmbH

Estrogen receptor alpha pSer106 antibody

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin- embedded human breast carcinoma tissue using Estrogen Receptor-alpha (pSer106) antibody (left) or the same antibody preincubated with blocking peptide (right) Rabbit Aff - Purified Hu ICC/IF, P, WB
0.1 ml / €320.00
  Acris Antibodies GmbH

Estrogen receptor alpha pSer167 antibody

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma tissue using Estrogen Receptor-alpha (pSer167) antibody (left) or the same antibody preincubated with blocking peptide (right) Rabbit Aff - Purified Hu, Ms ICC/IF, P, WB
0.1 ml / €320.00
  Acris Antibodies GmbH

Estrogen receptor alpha pSer167 antibody

Breast: Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded (FFPE) Rabbit IgG Aff - Purified Hu, Ms P, WB
50 µg / €470.00
  Acris Antibodies GmbH

Estrogen receptor alpha (pSer104,106) antibody

Immunohistochemistry staining of human tonsil (Formalin-fixed, Paraffin-embedded tissue after heat-induced antigen retrieval) using Estrogen receptor alpha antibody Cat.-No. AP07910PU-N (concentration 10 ug/ml). Rabbit Purified Hu E, P
50 µg / €470.00
  Acris Antibodies GmbH

Estrogen receptor beta (N-term) antibody

Estrogen receptor beta Rabbit IgG Aff - Purified Hu, Ms, Rt WB
0.1 mg / €340.00
  Acris Antibodies GmbH

Estrogen-related receptor alpha antibody

Western Blot analysis of ESRRA expression in transfected 293T cell line (H00002101-T04) by ESRRA MaxPab polyclonal antibody.

Lane 1: ESRRA transfected lysate(45.50 KDa).
Lane 2: Non-transfected lysate. Rabbit Purified Hu E(detection), WB
0.1 mg / €380.00
  Abnova Taiwan Corp.

Estrogen-related receptor gamma (N-term) antibody

Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded Human Kidney stained with ERR3 antibody Cat.-No AP06980PU-N at 10 μg/ml after heat-induced antigen retrieval. Rabbit Aff - Purified Bear, Bov, Bt, Can, Chk, Elephant, Eq, Hst, Hu, L, Mky, Ms, Op, Platypus, Prim, Rb, Rt, Tr, Xen E, P
50 µg / €470.00
  Acris Antibodies GmbH

12 Item(s)

per page
  • LinkedIn