Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor Antibodies - FocusOn 108

Introduction: An mGluR is an GPCR activated by Glutamate

Glutamate is the main excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain. For many years it had been considered to act only on ligand-gated receptor channels but recently, glutamate has been shown to play another role as activator of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) called metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR). Based on sequence similarity, transduction mechanisms and agonist potencies, mGluRs are subdivided into three groups:

Group I:           mGluR1 / mGluR5
Group II:          mGluR2 / mGluR3
Group III:         mGluR4 / mGluR6 / mGluR7 / mGluR8

In expression systems, Group-I receptors, stimulate phospho-lipase C and Ca2+ release from internal stores. Group-II and -III receptors are coupled to the inhibition of adenylyl cyclase. mGluRs are widely distributed throughout the nervous system and are expressed by both neurons and glial cells. They have been suggested to play a variety of functional roles, among which is involvement in synaptic plasticity underlying learning and memory as well as chronic pain.

Antibody Tools for the Detection of mGluR1-8

Table 1 shows Acris Antibiodies outstanding antibody panel to mGluR subtypes. Most of these antibodies are suitable for immunohistochemistry and many have been proven to work on paraffin sections. A majority of these antibodies has also been tested for Western blot and immunofluorescence applications.



Immunohistochemistry on human brain sections (pituitary) using mGluR3 antibody SP4400P

Immunohistochemistry on human brain sections (neurons and glia) using mGluR8 antibody SP4405P

Fig.1: Immunohistochemistry on human brain sections (pituitary) using mGluR3 antibody SP4400P

Fig.2: Immunohistochemistry on human brain sections (neurons and glia) using mGluR8 antibody SP4405P

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Fig.3: Immunofluorescence on rat brain section using mGluR1 alpha antibody RA19065-100 (red; blue: DAPI counterstain)



Literature

Enz R. The trick of the tail: protein-protein interactions of metabotropic glutamate receptors. Bioessays. 2007 Jan; 29(1): 60-73.

Available Antibody Panel to mGluR subtypes

All mGluR antibody products: mGluR1 antibody, mGluR2 antibody, mGluR3 antibody, mGluR4 antibody, mGluR5 antibody, mGluR6 antibody, mGluR7 antibody, mGluR8 antibody.



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Primary Antibodies

Catalog No. Host Iso. Clone Pres. React. Applications  

mGluR2/3 antibody

mGluR2/3 Rabbit Aff - Purified Hu, Ms, Rt P, WB
0.1 mg / €370.00
  OriGene Technologies GmbH

mGluR3 / GRM3 (N-term Extracel. Dom.)) antibody

Cells expressing vector only - immunostained with target antibody Rabbit Aff - Purified Bov, Elephant, Eq, Hu, Mky, Por ICC/IF, P, WB
50 µg / €425.00
  OriGene Technologies GmbH

mGluR3 / GRM3 (N-term Extracel. Dom.)) antibody

Immunohistochemical staining of Brain (Neurons and glia) using anti- GRM3 antibody SP4399P Rabbit Aff - Purified Elephant, Hu, Mky ICC/IF, P, WB
50 µg / €425.00
  OriGene Technologies GmbH

mGluR3 / GRM3 (N-term, Extracel. Dom.)) antibody

Immunohistochemical staining of Brain (Pituitary) using anti GRM3 antibody SP4400P after heat-induced antigen retrieval. Rabbit Aff - Purified Bov, Elephant, Eq, Hst, Hu, Mky, Ms, Platypus, Por, Rt ICC/IF, P
50 µg / €425.00
  OriGene Technologies GmbH

mGluR5 / GRM5 antibody

Western blot analysis with extracts from human A549 cells using mGluR5 / GRM5 antibody (Cat.-No. AP01270PU-N). Rabbit Aff - Purified Hu, Ms, Rt E, ICC/IF, P, WB
0.1 mg / €370.00
  OriGene Technologies GmbH

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