Antibodies to Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor (VEGFR) Family: VEGFR-1 antibody, VEGFR-2 antibody and VEGFR-3 antibody - FocusOn 005

Within the last ten years strong evidence has emerged for the essential role of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) in vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. The development of blood vessels includes two processes. Vasculogenesis is the embryologic formation of blood islands, the earliest vascular system, by the differentiation from mesoderm of angioblasts and hemopoietic precursor cells. Angiogenesis is the sprouting of pre-existing vessels to form the vascular tree. In addition to a key role in embryological development, angiogenesis is essential for such things as wound healing and tumor growth. While many growth factors exhibit angiogenic activity (FGFs, PDGF, TGF-α and HGF), evidence points to a special role for VEGF. VEGF is a dimeric glycoprotein that stimulates endothelial cells, induces angiogenesis and increases vascular permeability.

VEFG Receptor (VEGFR)

The receptors for VEGF are VEGFR-1 (Flt-1) and VEGFR-2 (KDR in humans and Flk-1 in mice). Homozygous mutants of the VEGF receptors lead to lack of vasculogenesis and death of mouse embryos at about day 8, indicating that VEGF receptors are essential for formation of a normal vasculature. In addition to VEGF (VEGF-A) there exist three additional VEGF family members: VEGF-B, VEGF-C and VEGF-D. Less is known about the function and regulation of VEGF-B, -C, and -D, but they do not seem to be regulated by the major pathways that control VEGF-A. VEGF-C and D are ligands for VEGFR-2 but also for the third VEGF Receptor VEGFR-3 (Flt-4), whereas VEGF-B binds only to VEGFR-1.

Like other growth factor receptors, upon ligand binding VEGFR-2 dimerizes and is autophosphorylated on multiple tyrosine residues. These phosphotyrosine sites are involved in regulation of intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity or serve as binding sites for SH2 domains and phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domains of downstream signaling proteins.

Fig. 1: Formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) human angiosarcoma stained with VEGFR-1/Flt-1 antibody Cat.-No. DP077-05
Fig. 1: Formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) human angiosarcoma stained with VEGFR-1/Flt-1 antibody Cat.-No. DP077-05
Fig. 2: Immunofluorescence staining (green) using a polyclonal antibody directed against the C-terminal end of native soluble VEGFR-1/Flt-1 Cat.-No. DP3522 (2a) and a monoclonal antibody directed against the extracellular domain of the membrane-bound VEGFR-1/Flt-1 Cat.-No. DM3507 (2b). Two neighboring sections of a Human Vein (V), located near a hemangioma, are visualized. The antibody against the soluble VEGFR-1/Flt-1 marked single cells (arrows) within the media and adventitia of the vein. The antibody against the membrane-bound VEGFR-1/Flt-1 marked single cells (arrows) and the endothelium (arrowhead) of the vein. Cell nuclei are stained with Dapi (blue).The experiment was performed by K. Butler and J. Wilting, University Göttingen, Germany
Fig. 2: Immunofluorescence staining (green) using a polyclonal antibody directed against the C-terminal end of native soluble VEGFR-1/Flt-1 Cat.-No. DP3522 (2a) and a monoclonal antibody directed against the extracellular domain of the membrane-bound VEGFR-1/Flt-1 Cat.-No. DM3507 (2b). Two neighboring sections of a Human Vein (V), located near a hemangioma, are visualized. The antibody against the soluble VEGFR-1/Flt-1 marked single cells (arrows) within the media and adventitia of the vein. The antibody against the membrane-bound VEGFR-1/Flt-1 marked single cells (arrows) and the endothelium (arrowhead) of the vein. Cell nuclei are stained with Dapi (blue).
The experiment was performed by K. Butler and J. Wilting, University Göttingen, Germany
Fig. 3: Human placenta (FFPE) stained with anti-VEGFR-2/Flk-1 antibody Cat.-No. AP15556PU-N
Fig. 3: Human placenta (FFPE) stained with anti-VEGFR-2/Flk-1 antibody Cat.-No. AP15556PU-N
Fig. 4: FACS analysis with primary HUVECs using anti-human VEGFR-2 Clone 4H3 Cat.-No. DM3522P
Fig. 4: FACS analysis with primary HUVECs using anti-human VEGFR-2 Clone 4H3 Cat.-No. DM3522P
Fig. 5: Formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) human angiosarcoma stained with VEGFR-2/Flk-1 antibody Cat.-No. DP076-05
Fig. 5: Formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) human angiosarcoma stained with VEGFR-2/Flk-1 antibody Cat.-No. DP076-05
Fig. 6: Human placenta (FFPE) stained with anti-VEGFR-3/Flt-4 antibody Cat.-No. AP15558PU-N
Fig. 6: Human placenta (FFPE) stained with anti-VEGFR-3/Flt-4 antibody Cat.-No. AP15558PU-N
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Primary Antibodies

Catalog No. Host Iso. Clone Pres. React. Applications  

CD309 / VEGFR-2 / Flk-1 antibody

Western Analysis of anti-Human VEGFR-2/KDR. Samples were loaded in 10% SDS-polyacrylamide gel under reducing conditions. Mouse IgG1 KDREIC Purified Hu C, E, F, WB
0.1 mg / €350.00
  OriGene Technologies GmbH

CD309 / VEGFR-2 / Flk-1 antibody

Figure 5. Consecutive sections of unfixed, human foreskin. A) Staining with anti-soluble VEGFR2/KDR antibodies (Cat.-No AP26034PU-L). Note signal in epidermis and vessels. B) Staining with anti-membrane-bound VEGFR-2/KDR (Cat.-No DM3522P). Note staining in vessels. C) Negative control. Note non-specific fluorescence in the hornified layer of the epithelium. Provided by Prof. J. Wilting, Göttingen, Germany. Mouse IgG1 4H3 Purified Hu E, F, ICC/IF, WB
0.1 mg / €330.00
  OriGene Technologies GmbH

VEGFR-1 / Flt-1 antibody

Standard ELISA assay with coating of 2.5 µg/ml Mouse sFlt-1-Fc using anti Human Flt-1 antibodies Mouse IgG1 FLTEWC Purified Hu, Ms E, ICC/IF, IP, WB
0.1 mg / €350.00
  OriGene Technologies GmbH

VEGFR-1 / Flt-1 antibody

Immunofluorescence staining (green) using Polyclonal antibody directed against the C-terminal end of native soluble VEGFR-1/Flt-1 Cat.-No DP3522 (Left panel) and Monoclonal antibody directed against the extracellular domain of the membrane-bound VEGFR-1/Flt-1 Cat.-No DM3507 (Right panel). You see two neighboring sections of a Human Vein (V), located near a hemangioma. The antibody against the soluble VEGFR-1/Flt-1 marked single cells (arrows) within the media and adventitia of the vein. The antibody against the membrane-bound VEGFR-1/Flt-1 marked single cells (arrows) and the endothelium (arrowhead) of the vein. Cell nuclei are stained with Dapi (blue).  The experiment was performed by K. Butler and J. Wilting, University Göttingen, Germany. Mouse IgG1 FLTEWI (EWI) Purified Hu, Ms E, ICC/IF, IP, WB
0.1 mg / €330.00
  OriGene Technologies GmbH

VEGFR-1 / Flt-1 antibody

Western analysis of recombinant human and mouse soluble VEGF receptors using a monoclonal antibody directed against human recombinant sFlt-1(D5). There is no cross reactivity with mouse sFlt-1(D7)-Fc as well as with human and mouse sKDR and human sFLT-4 visible. Mouse IgG1 FLTEIC Purified Hu E, F, ICC/IF, WB
0.1 mg / €350.00
  OriGene Technologies GmbH

VEGFR-1 / Flt-1 antibody

Western analysis of recombinant Human and Mouse soluble VEGFR-1/Flt-1. Mouse IgG1 FLTEWF Purified Hu, Ms E, ICC/IF, IP, WB
0.1 mg / €330.00
  OriGene Technologies GmbH

VEGFR-3 / Flt-4 antibody

Western analysis of recombinant human soluble VEGFR3/FLT-4 using a Mouse anti-Human FLT-4 antibody (Cat.-No AM20379PU-N). Mouse IgG1 2E11 Aff - Purified Hu C, E, P, WB
0.1 mg / €350.00
  OriGene Technologies GmbH

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