Aquaporin-0 / AQP0 antibody

Principal name

Aquaporin-0 / AQP0 antibody

Alternative names for Aquaporin-0 / AQP0 antibody

MP26, MIP, MIP26, Lens fiber major intrinsic protein

SwissProt ID

A2IBY8 (Canfa), P06624 (Bovin), P09011 (Rat), P30301 (Human), P51180 (Mouse)

Gene ID

4284 (MIP), 17339 (Mip)

Available reactivities

Hu (Human), Ms (Mouse), Rt (Rat), Mky (Monkey)

Available hosts

Rabbit, Mouse

Available applications

Paraffin Sections (P), Western blot / Immunoblot (WB), Enzyme Immunoassay (E)

Background of Aquaporin-0 / AQP0 antibody

Aquaporins (AQPs) are a large family of integral membrane channel proteins that facilitate the transport of water through the cell membrane. Aquaporins are widely distributed and are involved in renal water absorption, generation of pulmonary secretions, lacrimation and the secretion and reabsorption of cerebrospinal fluid and aqueous humor. AQP0 is the most abundant endogenous protein in the plasma membrane of lens fiber cells where it functions not only as a water pore, but it is also involved in fiber-fiber adhesion and is crucial for fiber cell structure and organization. AQP0 contains an additional pore constriction, not seen in any other aquaporin structures, which may be responsible for pore gating. The closed AQP0 pore holds just three water molecules, which are spaced too far apart to form hydrogen bonds with each other. The C-terminal domain of AQP0 undergoes extensive post-translational modification, including many truncations, during lens aging due to the actions of m-Calpain, proteases or non-enzymatic mechanisms. These truncation sites may be involved in the development of cataracts.

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